About the language

Have you just moved to Warsaw and already from the beginning you feel overwhelmed with the strange language. We help out all expatriates in Poland to understand the basics of the Polish language.

Polish language seems to many foreigners quite a difficult language at first. It is said to be one of the hardest languages to learn. Its grammar is based on Latin with its:

  • 3 genres in singular and 2 genres in plural
  • 7 cases
  • 3 tenses (past, present and future)
  • 2 numbers

It belongs to a Slavic group of languages and is the closest to Czech or Slovak (western Slavic), as well as Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian (Eastern Slavic) and Southern Slavic i.e. Slovenian, Croatian & Serbian.

Polish uses Latin letters with some special typical Polish signs: ą ć cz dz dź dż ę ch ł ń ó rz ś sz ź ż

Polish Language has lots of borrowings from Latin, German, Italian, French and recently English:

German:

  • kartofle = Kartoffeln (eng. potatos)
  • szyberdach = Schiebedach (eng. glass roof)
  • auto = Auto (also samochód) (eng. car)

Italian - lots of vegatables and fruits names come from Italian after Queen Bona had introduced Poland to Italian cuisine, especially vegatables.

  • pomidor = pomodoro (eng. tomato)

French influenced Polish language during XIX century, when Polish were strong supporters of Napoleon hoping to gain independence by cooperating with French against Russians:

  • bagaż= bagage (eng. luggage)
  • ekran = ecran (eng. screen)

Hungarian - there is a Polish say: 'Polish and Hungarian - two brothers', which already indicates  strong relationship between these two nations.

  • środa = serda (eng. Wednesday)
  • czwartek = csutortok (eng. Thursday)
  • piątek = pyjntek (eng. Friday)

 

Polish has some dialects especially in the Northern & Southern regiona, while in Eastern parts one can find dialect with the Ukrainian and Russian influence.


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